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Field Types Used in This Document

Field Type

Description

Internal representation

integer

64-Bit integer value

Java Long

big integer

Unlimited integer value

Java BigInteger

float

64-Bit float value

Java Double

big decimal

High-precision float value

Java BigDecimal

date

Date object

Java Date

string

String object

Java String

boolean

Boolean object

Java Boolean

lista collection of multiple values of one data type

number

float, big decimal, integer or big integer


any

float, big decimal, integer, big integer, date, string or Boolean


To learn about operators, see Using Operators.

To learn about using functions, see Using the Formula Builder

To learn about dealing with date and time, see Date and Time Parse Patterns

Supported Functions - As Grouped in the Formula Builder

Comparison

  • COMPARE Compares two values. Returns a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer as this object is less than, equal to, or greater than the specified object.
  • EQUALS Checks to see if two values are identical.
  • GE Greater equal.
  • GT Greater than.
  • LE Less equal.
  • LT Less than.
  • NOT_EQUALS Checks to see if two values aren't identical.

Date and Time

  • ADDTODATE Adds (or subtracts) time to a date using an integer and one date constant.
  • AFTER Tests if this date is after the specified date.
  • ASDATE Converts a character sequence to a date using predefined (dd-MM-yyyy hh:mm:ss, dd.MM.yyyy hh:mm:ss, dd-MM-yyyy, dd.MM.yyyy) or an optional date parse pattern.
  • BEFORE Tests if this date is before the specified date.
  • CRON_MATCHER Checks if the given date matches the given cron expression.
  • DAY Returns only the day of the month of a date. The day is given as an integer, ranging from 1 to 31.
  • ENDOFMONTH Returns the date of the last day of month (ending in the evening at 11:59:59.999 PM / 23:59:59.999) for the given date.
  • ExcelConverter Converts integer dates from Excel to a date.
  • EXPAND_DATE_RANGE Expands a date range into multiple rows, one for each interval, one day by default.
  • FORMATDATE Converts date to string by applying a format pattern.
  • HOUR Returns only the hour of a time value. The hour is given as an integer, ranging from 0 (12:00 A.M.) to 23 (11:00 P.M.).
  • MILLISECOND Truncates a date to only display the milliseconds associate with the date.
  • MINUTE Returns only the minute of a time value
  • MIDNIGHT Returns the given date with a time of midnight (12:00:00 am).
  • MONTH Returns only the month of a date represented by a serial number.
  • MSTODATE Converts an integer representing a timestamp in milliseconds from January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT to its corresponding date value.
  • NOW Returns the current date and time.
  • ROUNDTIME Rounds a date field down to the nearest (s)econd, (m)inute, (h)our, or (d)ay set by a time constant.
  • SECOND Truncates a date to only display the seconds associate with the date.
  • SHIFTTIMEZONE Shift the date from one timezone to another.
  • STARTOFMONTH Returns the date of the first day of month (starting the morning at 00:00:00 / 12:00:00 AM) for the given date.
  • STARTOFWEEK Returns the date of the first day of week (Sunday night/Monday morning 00:00:00) for the given date.
  • TODAY Returns the current day (time at midnight).
  • TIMESTAMP Difference, measured in milliseconds, between the current time and midnight, January 1, 1970 UTC.
  • WEEKDAY Returns an integer between (1-7) corresponding to the day of the week of the date.
  • YEAR Returns the year corresponding to a date. The year is returned as an integer, ranging from 1900-9999.

Encoding

  • DEC2HEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal.
  • DEC_BASE64 Decodes a base64 encoded string.
  • ENC_BASE64 Encodes string as base64.
  • HEX2DEC Converts a hexadecimal number given as a string to decimal number.
  • IP_TO_NUMBER Converts IP4 address to decimal presentation.
  • NUMBER_TO_IP Converts number to internet standard dot notation.
  • TEXT2HEX Converts text into a hex string.

General

  • COALESCE Returns the first non-null argument.
  • COPY Copies values from a sheet column to a new sheet.
  • DENULLIFY Converts null values to the non null default value.
  • FLOAT Converts a text to a float value.
  • ISBLANK Returns TRUE if the value is blank.
  • ISEVEN Returns TRUE if the number is even.
  • ISNULL Returns TRUE if the value is null.
  • ISODD Returns TRUE if the number is odd.

Grouping

  • GROUPACCUMULATE Returns the sum of all previous records in a group.
  • GROUPAND Returns the Boolean value after checking if all the group's values are TRUE.
  • GROUPANOVA Compares the means of three or more samples to see if they are significantly different at a certain significance level.
  • GROUPANY Returns any random value of a group.
  • GROUPAVERAGE Returns the average of its arguments.
  • GROUPBOTTOMN Selects the bottom N values from a group. If this function is applied on a date column, bottom N means the N least recent dates.
  • GROUPBY Groups records.
  • GROUPBYBIN Groups values into bins.
  • GROUPBYCUSTOMBIN Groups selected values into bins created at a custom sizes.
  • GROUPBYGAP Groups records by maximum gap between two values in a timestamp or numerical value.
  • GROUPCOMBIN Generates combinations of values in a group.
  • GROUPCONCAT Creates a list of all non-null values seen in a group.
  • GROUPCONCATDISTINCT Concatenates all non-null values seen in a group.
  • GROUPCOUNT Counts the records in one group.
  • GROUPCOUNTDISTINCT Counts the distinct values in one group.
  • GROUPFIRST Returns the first value of a group.
  • GROUPJSONOBJECTMERGE Merges all elements in a grouped series of JSON maps.
  • GROUPLAST Returns the last value of a group.
  • GROUPMAP Creates a JSON map based on two columns of all records within a group, keys and values.
  • GROUPMAX Maximum of its arguments.
  • GROUPMEDIAN Returns the median of all values in a group.
  • GROUPMIN Minimum of its arguments.
  • GROUPOR Returns the Boolean value after checking if any of the group's values are TRUE.
  • GROUPPERCENTILE Return the number which is nth percentile in this distribution.
  • GROUPPREDICTIVEWINDOWS This function assigns IDs to events. It does that based on an event that defines the center of a time-based window (center-event) and all events in that window get assigned the ID of the center-event.
  • GROUPROWNUMBER Returns the row number within a sorted group.
  • GROUPSELECT Create a column with selected values using a key constant from a specified grouped column in the workbook.
  • GROUPSESSIONS Assigns IDs to events based on session start and session end. All events with the session ID of the start event between start and end event get assigned the ID of the start event.
  • GROUPSTDEVP Estimates standard deviation on the entire population.
  • GROUPSTDEVS Estimates standard deviation on a sample of the entire population.
  • GROUPSUM Adds its arguments.
  • GROUPTOPN Selects the top N values from a group.
  • GROUPTTEST The Student's t-test compares the means of two samples (or treatments), even if they have a different numbers of replicates. It is used to determine if sets of data are significantly different from each other.
  • GROUPUNIQUES Outputs unique column values for a group.
  • GROUP_DIFF Computes the difference to the previous value in a group.
  • GROUP_JACCARD_DIST Computes the jaccard distance of all values in a group.
  • GROUP_PAIR Generates pairs of values in a group.
  • GROUP_PATH Create paths from a field (e.g., for click stream analysis).
  • GROUP_PATH_CHANGES Create paths from a field, but only if the value changes (e.g., for click stream analysis).
  • GROUP_PREVIOUS Returns the value of the previous record in a group.
  • GROUP_SORT_ASC Groups records in sorted ascending order.
  • GROUP_SORT_DESC Groups records in sorted descending order.

HTML

List

  • ADD Adds a value or values into a list.
  • COMPRESS Removes all null values from a list.
  • EXPAND Creates a new row per element of the argument list.
  • INDEXOF Returns (as an integer) the index of the first occurence of an element in a list or -1 if the element isn't found.
  • INTERSECTION Returns the intersection of all list arguments. The resulting list contains only the elements found in all the list arguments and doesn't contain any duplicate elements.
  • ISEMPTY Checks to see if a list is empty and returns a Boolean value.
  • LIST Build a list value out of its arguments.
  • LISTELEMENT Returns the given element of a list.
  • RANGE Returns in the form of a list, integers ranging in numerical order from the first value (FROM) and ending with last value (TO).
  • REMOVE Remove a value from a list.
  • REMOVEALL Removes all elements from one list that exist in a specified list or lists.
  • REVERSE Reverses a list.
  • SIZE Returns the size of a list.
  • SORT Sorts a list.
  • SUBLIST Returns a sublist of a list.
  • TOJSON Converts a list to a JSON array.
  • TOKENIZELIST Tokenizes text returning a list of values or a specified element as a string.
  • UNIQUES Removes all duplicate values from a list.

Logical

  • AND Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE.
  • IF Specifies a logical test to perform.
  • NOT Reverses the logic of its argument.
  • OR Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE.
  • SELECT Create columns with selected values using a key constant from a specified column in the workbook. 

Math

  • ABS Returns the absolute value of a number.
  • BIGDECIMAL Converts the values of a column with a number data type  to the big decimal data type.
  • BIGINTEGER Converts the values of a column with a number data type to the big integer data type.
  • BITAND Bitwise AND operation on given arguments.
  • BITOR Bitwise OR operation on given arguments.
  • CEILING Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.
  • COMBIN Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects.
  • COMBIND Returns the double representation of combinations for a given number of objects.
  • CONVERT Converts a number from one measurement to another measurement.
  • DIFF Returns the difference of the numbers (First argument value can't be null).
  • DIV Returns the quotient of the numbers.
  • E Returns the value of e.
  • EVEN Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer.
  • EXP Returns e raised to the power of a given number.
  • EXPLODE_RANGE Explodes a integer or ip address range into multiple rows. A given ip address range is converted into a range of integer before.
  • FACT Returns the factorial of a number.
  • FACTD Returns the double factorial of a number.
  • FLOOR Rounds a number down, toward 0 (zero).
  • GCD Returns the greatest common divisor.
  • GEOHASH_DEC_LAT Decodes the given geohash value into a latitude with a precision of 6 after the decimal place.
  • GEOHASH_DEC_LONG Decodes the given geohash value into a longitude with a precision of 6 after the decimal place.
  • GEOHASH_ENC Encodes the given latitude and longitude into a geohash value with precision of 12 digits.
  • INT Rounds a number down to the nearest integer.
  • LCM Returns the least common multiple.
  • LN Returns the natural logarithm of a number.
  • LOG Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base.
  • LOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number.
  • LSHIFT Shifts bits left by the given number of bits.
  • MOD Returns the modula of the arguments.
  • MROUND Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
  • ODD Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer.
  • PI Returns the value of pi.
  • PLUS Adds its arguments (or concats string values).
  • POWER Returns the result of a number raised to a power.
  • PRODUCT Multiplies the arguments.
  • QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division.
  • RAND Returns a random number between 0 (zero) and 1.
  • RANDBETWEEN Returns a random number between the numbers that you specify.
  • RANDGAUSSIAN Generates normal distributed random values with mean of 0 and standard deviation of 1.
  • ROUND Rounds a number to a specified number of digits.
  • ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number down, toward zero.
  • ROUNDUP Rounds a number up, away from zero.
  • RSHIFT Shifts bits right by the given number of bits.
  • SIGN Returns the sign of a number.
  • SQRT Returns the square root of a number.
  • SQRTPI Returns the square root of (number * pi).
  • SUBTRACT Substracts all values from the first argument.
  • SUM Adds its arguments.
  • TRUNC Truncates a number to an integer or truncates its decimal places.
  • URSHIFT The unsigned right shift operator shifts a zero into the leftmost position.

Statistical

  • AVERAGE Returns the average of its arguments.
  • CHISQDIST Returns a chi square distribution at a given value x for a certain number of degrees of freedom.
  • EXPONDIST Returns t he exponential distribution for a certain value with given lambda.
  • FDIST Returns the F probability distribution for a certain value with given degrees of freedom for the numerator and degrees of freedom for the denominator.
  • GAMMADIST Returns the gamma distribution for a certain value with given parameters alpha and beta.
  • LOGNORMDIST Returns the log-normal distribution for a certain value with given mean and standard deviation .
  • MAX Returns maximum of arguments.
  • MIN Returns minimum of arguments.
  • NORMDIST Returns the normal distribution for a certain value with given mean and standard deviation.
  • STDEVS Estimates standard deviation on a sample of the entire population.
  • STDEVP Estimates standard deviation on the entire population.
  • TDIST Returns  student t-distribution at a given value x for a certain number of degrees of freedom.
  • WEIBULLDIST Returns  the weibull distribution for a certain value with given alpha and beta.

Text

  • CHAR Returns the character specified by the codepoint number.
  • CODE Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
  • CONCAT Concatenates several text items into one text item.
  • CONTAINS Returns whether text contains the second argument.
  • CONTAINS_IC Returns whether text contains the second argument. (Not case sensitive)
  • ENDSWITH Tests if this string ends with the specified suffix.
  • INDEX Finds the first occurence of the given regular expression.
  • JSONTOLIST Converts the selected JSON data type column into a list data type column.
  • JSON_ELEMENT Returns the given element of a json array.
  • JSON_ELEMENTS Returns all elements of a json array.
  • JSON_KEYS Returns all keys from a json string.
  • JSON_MAP Creates a JSON map from two JSON arrays.
  • JSON_VALUE Returns a value for a given key from a json object.
  • LEFT Returns the leftmost characters from a text value.
  • LEN Returns the number of characters in a text string.
  • LOWER Converts text to lowercase.
  • LTRIM Removes leading whitespace or other characters from text. 
  • MATCHES Return true if a string matches a regular expression.
  • NGRAM Returns subsequences of N characters of a given text.
  • NGRAM_OLD Returns subsequences of N words of a given text.
  • PROPER Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value.
  • REGEX Replaces characters within a text string which matches a regular expression with a different text string..
  • REGEXTRACT Extracts tokens that match a regular expression.
  • REPLACE Replaces characters within a text string with a different text string.
  • REPLACEALL Replaces each substring of this string that matches the given regular expression with the given replacement.
  • REPT Repeats text a given number of times.
  • RIGHT Returns the rightmost characters from a text value.
  • RTRIM Removes trailing whitespace or other characters from text.
  • STARTSWITH Tests if this string starts with the specified prefix.
  • SUBSTITUTEALL Substitutes new text for all occurences of old text in a text string.
  • SUBSTITUTEFIRST Substitutes new text for first occurence of old text in a text string.
  • SUBSTR Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position that you specify.
  • T Converts its arguments to text.
  • TOKENIZE Tokenizes text.
  • TRIM Removes spaces from text.
  • UPPER Converts text to uppercase.

Text Mining

  • ANALYZE_POLARITY Analyze the polarity of a text.
  • CORRECT_SPELLING Corrects spelling of tokenized text. 
  • EXTRACT_ADJECTIVE Extracts adjectives from text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_DATE Extracts dates from  text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_LOCATION Extracts locations from text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_MONEY Extracts money from  text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_NOUN Extracts nouns from text and returns the results in a list. 
  • EXTRACT_ORGANIZATION Extracts organizations from text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_PERSON Extracts people from  text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_SMILEYS Extracts emoticons from  text and returns the results as a list.
  • EXTRACT_VERB Extracts verbs from  text and returns the results in a list.
  • EXTRACT_WORDS Converts text to a list  of words using a preconfigured maximum entropy tokenizer.
  • REMOVE_STOP_WORDS Removes StopWords (common words) from a list of tokens.
  • STEM_WORDS Performs stemming of tokenized text using the Porter algorithm.

Trigonometry

  • ACOS Returns the arccosine of a number.
  • ACOSH Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number.
  • ASIN Returns the arc sine of a number.
  • ASINH Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number.
  • ATAN Returns the arc tangent of a number.
  • ATAN2 Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates.
  • ATANH Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number.
  • COS Returns the cosine of a number.
  • COSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number.
  • COT Returns the cotangent of a number.
  • DEGREES Converts radians to degrees.
  • RADIANS Converts degrees to radians.
  • SIN Returns the sine of a number.
  • SINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number.
  • TAN Returns the tangent of a number.
  • TANH Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number.

URL

  • URL_AUTHORITY Gets the authority part of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_DECODE Decodes an encoded string
  • URL_DEFAULT_PORT Gets the default port number of the protocol associated with this URL.
  • URL_ENCODE Encodes a string.
  • URL_FILE Gets the file name of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_HOST Gets the host name of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_PARAM Gets a value addressed by a param of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_PARAMS Gets the values addressed by a param of the URL provided as list.
  • URL_PATH Gets the path part of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_PLD Extract the PLD (paid-level domain, as per the IRLbot paper) from a url.
  • URL_PORT Gets the port number of the URL provided as long.
  • URL_PROTOCOL Gets the protocol name of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_QUERY Gets the query part of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_REF Gets the anchor ('reference') of the URL provided as string.
  • URL_TLD Gets the TLD of an URL.
  • URL_USERINFO Gets the userinfo part of the URL provided as string.

XML

  • XMLVALUE Returns a value selected by the given XPath expression out of an XML document.
  • XMLVALUES Returns the values selected by the given XPath expression out of an XML document.


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